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  • Soil Stockpiling for Reclamation and Restoration

    Soil takes centuries to develop from parent material and organic matter. In a study of soil development of six sites where surface mines existed between 5 and 64 years earlier, the depth of the newly developed soil horizon in the 5-year-old site was 3 cm compared to …

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  • Optimizing Organic Amendments for Land Reclamation and

    The restoration of soil productivity on mined lands and created wetlands is frequently limited by high soil bulk density and low soil organic matter content. However, no studies are currently available that specify the appropriate rate of organic matter additions or the relative effects of tillage for these systems. This project will evaluate and quantify the effects of organic matter

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  • Site Preparation for Restoring Forest Cover on Oil and Gas

    Mineral soils rich in silt and clay are prone to soil compaction, as are wet soils. Organic soils and soils that . have coarser textures (high percentage of sand) are less affected. The type of equipment that was used, the timing of use and the frequency also have significant effects on soil compaction. Heavy equipment is more likely to cause

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  • The role of organic amendments in soil reclamation: A review

    Jan 01, 2012 · Larney, F. J. and Angers, D. A. 2012. The role of organic amendments in soil reclamation: A review. Can. J. Soil Sci. 92: 19-38. A basic tenet of sustainable soil management is that current human activities are not detrimental to future generations. Soils are degraded by natural events (erosion) or industrial activity. A prevalent feature of degraded or disturbed soils is lack of organic

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  • Tillage of compacted haul roads and landings in the boreal

    Abstract Ten temporary haul roads and landings in west-central Alberta were tilled with a winged subsoiler specifically designed for tilling compacted forest soils. Surface soil had been removed from all sites during construction, and spread over three of the four landings prior to tillage. Soil bulk density at the 0–10, 10–20, and 20–30 cm depths, and clod size distribution at the 0

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  • Soil Reclamation and Remediation of Disturbed Lands

    INTRODUCTION. Soil reclamation and soil remediation are components of the land reclamation process that take place on the landscape after disturbance of ecosystems and sites. These processes are critical to overall land reclamation success and are built around the premise that we can manipulate and accelerate soil development processes by altering specific soil properties.

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  • Chuck BULMER | Soil Scientist | Ministry of Forests, Lands

    Silviculture systems and associated forest harvesting practices that affect the level of soil compaction and organic matter retained on a site will cause changes to soil properties and processes

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  • Soil Reclamation and Remediation of Disturbed Lands

    INTRODUCTION. Soil reclamation and soil remediation are components of the land reclamation process that take place on the landscape after disturbance of ecosystems and sites. These processes are critical to overall land reclamation success and are built around the premise that we can manipulate and accelerate soil development processes by altering specific soil properties.

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  • Conservation Practice Standard Land Reclamation, Currently

    Reclaimed soils are often low in organic matter. The use of organic soil amendments such as manure, compost, mulch or sewage sludge can contribute to the success of vegetative establishment by increasing soil organic matter. Every effort should be made to utilize native, non-invasive vegetative species. Consideration should be

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  • 10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00306-0 | DeepDyve

    Jun 11, 2020 · On fine-textured soils, tillage results have been inconsistent ( Carr, 1988b; McNabb, 1994 ), partly because there is a narrow range of moisture content where effective tillage can be carried out, but also because stable aggregates are required to prevent puddling and poor physical conditions from reappearing shortly after tillage. Stable soil

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  • Tillage, Manure and Gypsum Use in Reclamation of Saline

    Tillage, Manure and Gypsum Use in Reclamation of Saline-Sodic Soils soil matrix (Carter and Stewart, 1995), because of its charge prop-erties and its surface area per unit mass is large in comparison to those of the soil's silt and sand fractions (Qadir et al., 2006). As

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  • Changes in Labile Organic Carbon Fractions and Soil Enzyme

    Jun 29, 2012 · The extensive reclamation of marshland into cropland has tremendously impacted the ecological environment of the Sanjiang Plain in northeast China. To understand the impacts of marshland reclamation and restoration on soil properties, we investigated the labile organic carbon fractions and the soil enzyme activities in an undisturbed marshland, a cultivated marshland and three marshlands that

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  • Land Management Effects on Carbon Sequestration and Soil

    Reclaimed mined soils (RMSs) could restore soil quality and ecosystem productivity while sequestering C and off-setting some of C emissions associated with coal utilization. The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of tillage and pasture management on soil physical properties, soil organic carbon (SOC) and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in RMSs managed for agricultural use in eastern Ohio.

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  • An Ultimate Guide to Soil Degradation Causes and

    May 15, 2020 · Still, soil organic matter and plant nutrients could be replenished. To restore the lost soil mineral matter and organic content, it would need what is known as land reclamation. Though, land reclamation encompasses activities centered towards restoring the …

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  • Effects of soil mechanical treatments combined with

    Bulmer C., Reclamation of forest soils with excavator tillage and organic amendments, For. Ecol. Manage. 133 (2000) 157–163. Article Google Scholar [11] Da Silva A.P., Kay B.D., Perfect E., Management versus inherent soil properties effects on bulk density and …

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  • Influence of surface and subsurface tillage on soil

    May 01, 2000 · Relatively small changes were found in mineral soil organic C from annual tillage, i.e., about 1 mg C/g soil. Results illustrate a dual-component more » cycle of soil organic C that appears especially pronounced in these fine-textured soils: (1) a rapidly cycling, plant-dominated C pool, and (2) a much more slowly cycling resistant C pool at

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  • Careful planning can lead to successful reclamation after

    May 11, 2017 · Stripping too deeply mixes topsoil with salty, clayey, or rocky subsoils and reduces the reclamation potential. Stripping depth should vary with the depth of the soil across a site as indicated in the predisturbance inventory. This requires a skilled equipment operator trained to …

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  • Land Management Effects on Carbon Sequestration and Soil

    Reclaimed mined soils (RMSs) could restore soil quality and ecosystem productivity while sequestering C and off-setting some of C emissions associated with coal utilization. The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of tillage and pasture management on soil physical properties, soil organic carbon (SOC) and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in RMSs managed for agricultural use in eastern Ohio.

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  • Using organic amendments to restore soil physical and

    Therefore, using organic byproducts for soil reclamation activities on National Forests may provide an op-portunity to increase soil cover and productivity, and decrease restoration costs. To test the effectiveness of these amend-ments for reclamation, a field study was established using organic amendments applied to gold dredgings capped with

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  • LECTURE NOTES ON THE MAJOR SOILS OF THE WORLD

    Reference Soil Groups Set #1 Organic Soils. Histosols. The Reference Soil Group of the Histosols comprises soils formed in `organic soil [email protected]'. These vary from soils developed in (predominantly) moss peat in boreal, arctic and subarctic regions, via moss peat, reeds/sedge peat and forest peat in temperate regions to mangrove peat and swamp forest peat in the humid tropics.

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